The day of the Pachamama and how it is celebrated in Cusco
Learn how to celebrate Pachamama Day in Cusco. Since the beginning of the Inca culture until today, many rituals, tributes, offerings and much respect to the mother earth also called Pachamama are given.
Peru is a country characterized by its different cultural activities, which represent the Quechua descent. Throughout the Peruvian territory many festivities are celebrated in commemoration of many historical figures and gods typical of the indigenous descendants.
This multicultural town has two types of festivities typical of the region, these festivities are: religious and civic festivals. These two festivities are different because one corresponds directly to the different characters involved in the historical evolution of Peru and the other has to do with the different beliefs that the inhabitants of this region have.
Within the religious festivities of Peru is a beautiful commemoration held on August 1, which represents the Goddess of the Earth or better known by its indigenous name as Pachamama.
Legend of the Pachamama.
The story of this Goddess is directly linked to the Inca Empire and that is where her name comes from. Pachamama is a legend based on mythological bases that submerges directly to Peru and other populations of Latin America. This goddess is considered a divine being who presents the earth and everything that is attached to it.
The first of August of every year is celebrated the day of the Pachamama, where the original towns of the Inca history pay tribute taking cooked food and other drinks to their sanctuary or places located in the heart of mountains like: the valley of lares, the step Salkantay (Vinicunca), the sacred valley of the Incas and many more. Pachamama represents the purity of the land and how it is able to provide man with the bread that accompanies the table of the inhabitants of Latin America.
Many people combine this tradition with Catholic Christianity. Being this a ceremony practiced in several places and countries of Latin America is good to redound where this tradition came from and how this has been maintained for so long.
Legend has it that worshipping the goddess of the earth is a pleasant way to respect, thank and get closer to nature and to make it constantly bloom in response to devotion.
Each commemoration of mother earth is different and therefore varies according to each place where it is honored. In the town of Cusco this celebration receives the best accompaniment of the Andean region and of the different foreigners that visit Peru only with the purpose of sharing this beautiful tradition that identifies many descendants of the Quechua language, and that unlike celebrations of Ayahuasca or sessions of San Pedro, the offerings to the Pachamama do not need physical or mental preparations and only have the purpose of thanking the mother earth for all the goods, health and family that is granted to us in this life.
Cusco as a population of traditions and cultural festivities.
The traditions of the people of Cusco are very popular because thanks to their indigenous descent this town preserves a lot of ancestral knowledge, especially respect for nature, life and the Pachamama. In Cusco the different sanctuaries are frequent as a reason to pay homage to each of the myths that have been passed on from generation to generation.
What does Pachamama represent for Cusco?
The celebration of Pachamama Day is an event of great importance for the Andean region and of course for the population of Cusco in general. This celebration brings together each inhabitant in a common feeling “To thank mother earth for her generosity to the people of Cusco by allowing them to bring their daily sustenance to their family”.
The tribute that is made to the mother earth to protect the fertility of it includes a set of rites made in honor of this etymological belief. Pachamama is considered one of the protectors of the Inca Empire, so this culture believes that mother earth to be a Goddess protects every Cusqueño offering fertility in all crops grown in the region.
On this day it is forbidden for man to work the land because the Cusquenian belief is that the Goddess should rest and receive the different tributes brought by the people.
How is Pachamama Day celebrated in Cusco?
The inhabitants of Cusco come with pots of cooked food with the purpose of honoring the mother earth, these pots are buried as a symbol of offerings and later they are smoked as a consecration of the tribute given.
Another highlight of the celebration in honor of Pachamama is that the pots are accompanied by coca leaves that are used for different rituals (reading of coca leaves, counting the leaves in honor of each mountain) made in honor of this Goddess.
This celebration is accompanied by many tourists who are attracted by this tradition of respect for our environment (mother earth) that has transcended from generation to generation. What this rite really symbolizes for the people of Cusco is to give back to them a little of how much they have received from the earth and also to show their goddess what foods they do not want to be missing from the table in the years to come.
Coming to celebrate with the people of Cusco is an opportunity that tourists from all over the world cannot miss because in one way or another we are all connected to mother earth and her environment. Furthermore, witnessing the homage to mother earth combines perfectly with tours of the sacred valley, trips to Machu Picchu or private tours according to your taste. Share with others this beautiful ancestral tradition characteristic of the Inca culture.